The American Heart Association and other groups have said for many years that people could reduce the chance of suffering a heart attack by eating less of the foods rich in cholesterol (胆固醇). These include such foods as meats, milk products and eggs. The Heart Association noted a number of studies which show that nations where people eat a lot of high cholesterol foods have a higher number of deaths from heart disease.
However, the new report disagrees. It was made by the Food and Nutrition Board of the United States National Academy of Sciences. The new report by a team of 15 scientists said there is no evidence to link cholesterol in food directly to heart disease. It noted seven major studies involving people whose diet was changed to include only foods low in cholesterol. The studies found only a very small reduction in the number of heart attacks and there was no reduction in the number of heart attack deaths.
Other studies have shown similar results. They found that a change to low cholesterol foods will have only a minor effect on the amount of cholesterol in a person's blood and only a minor effect on the number of deaths.
Medical scientists hope that two huge new studies may settle the cholesterol dispute. The tests are designed to learn if low cholesterol foods or anti-cholesterol drugs, or both, can reduce the amount of the substance in the blood and reduce the chance of a heart attack. The two new studies will be finished in the next year or two.
The new Academy of Sciences report also discussed other possible links between food and disease. The scientists, in general, they are deeply concerned about some of the recent advice given about food. They noted that a number of private groups, government agencies and several popular books have advised that people can prevent heart disease, cancer and other sicknesses by changing the kinds of foods they eat. The new report said there is often no good scientific evidence to support such advice. In fact, the scientists said such ideas often produce only false hopes or unnecessary fears.
1. According to the passage, people could reduce the chance of suffering heart attack by ( )?
A. eating less foods with a lot of cholesterol
B. eating less of low cholesterol foods
C. eating a lot of high cholesterol foods
D. eating drugs
2. High cholesterol foods include ( ).
A. eggs, meats and milk products
B. potatoes, green vegetables and tomatoes
C. corn, wheat and beef
D. sugar, rice and butter
【答案】A。细节题。高胆固醇的?#31216;?#21253;括鸡蛋、肉类和牛奶制品。这是一般常识，而?#20197;?#30701;文中有明确表达：These include such foods as meats, milk products and eggs. A项选择正好符合题意，故为正确答案。B项蕃薯、青菜和西红柿。薯类和蔬菜不含脂肪，不含胆固醇。C项玉米、小麦和牛肉。玉米、小麦含有淀粉，自然没有胆固醇；牛肉虽然含有少?#24247;?#32966;固醇，但在C项选择里占有三分之一的份额，故不能归到胆固醇?#31216;?#30340;行?#23567;项糖、大米和奶油，和C项选择一样，也不能归为含胆固醇?#31216;?#19968;类。故本题应选A。
3. Some scientists believe that there is no evidence that cholesterol in food is directly linked to ( ).
A. blood disease
B. heart disease
C. infectious disease
D. mental disorder
【答案】B。细节题。在文章的第二段中 很容易?#19994;?#31572;案：The new report by a team of scientists said there is no evidence to link cholesterol in food directly to heart disease.可以?#33539;?#36873;项为B，其他三项在原文找不到依据，故排除。故本题应选B。
4. Medical scientists believe that ( ).
A. tests have been designed to settle the cholesterol dispute
B. drugs have been tested to reduce the amount of the substance in blood
C. low cholesterol foods or anti-cholesterol drugs or both can reduce the chance of a heart attack
D. none of the statements mentioned above is correct
5.Which of the following statements in NOT true?( )
A. One can avoid a heart disease by eating less foods with little cholesterol.
B. One can avoid a heart disease by taking the doctor's advice to eat low cholesterol foods and anti-cholesterol drugs or both.
C. There has been good scientific evidence that cholesterol foods can produce the chance of suffering a heart disease.
D. People usually believe that cholesterol foods are directly linked to heart disease.
【答案】C。是非题。题目要求回答下列几种说法哪一种说法不对。A项人们少?#28304;?#23569;?#24247;?#22266;醇的食物可避免患心脏病。文中多次提到并被人们普遍?#37038;埽?#25152;以是对的。B项听医生的忠告，吃低胆固醇的食物，或服用药物，或两者兼之就不得心脏病。这一说法普遍为人们所?#37038;埽?#20063;是对的。C项一直有很好的科学事实证明含胆固醇食物能够增加患心脏病的机会。这种说法和题意相反，因为文中曾提到：The new report by a team of 15 scientists said there is no evidence to link cholesterol in food directly to heart disease.因而C项为正确答案。D项人们常常认为胆固醇?#31216;?#24120;和心脏病有直接联系。这种说法也是对的，也不能入选。故本题应选C。